Foundational skills for second grade readers involve making sure they are able to read carefully and independently for sustained periods of time. They will grow in their ability to comprehend unfamiliar text and to make predictions based on what they have just read. Some of the specific reading goals for 2nd grade include:
- Using the information in text to determine the characters, setting, or plot.
- Identifying the meaning of words and phrases in appropriately-leveled text based on contextual cues
- Anticipating, making inferences, and recognizing the author’s point of view of a story
In second grade, students continue learning how to communicate clearly and coherently with their writing. They will begin to study the writing process the stages of writing from pre-writing through editing.
Some of the specific goals that second graders will aim for in writing include:
- Learn to gather information from sources to answer a question.
- Writing for different purposes and audiences such as creative, informational/expository, and persuasive forms
- Creating written drafts that will be revised and edited, with guidance from a teacher
It is impossible to separate reading and writing skills from the conventions of English. Although often one of the more challenging areas of language arts, second grade students should be on track to creating grammatically correct sentences and paragraphs. Second graders will continue to review the grammar rules they have learned to this point, and will add new concepts such as:
- Distinguishing between complete and incomplete sentences
- Identifying and correctly using parts of speech including nouns and verbs
- Using quotation marks correctly
- Spelling frequently used, but irregular words correctly (e.g.: was, were, says, said)