This course builds on the Grade 4 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental scientific and technological concepts by exploring topics related to life systems, structures, mechanisms, matter, energy, Earth’s systems, and space systems. Students will learn how science and technology relate to society and the environment. They will start to understand the basic concepts of science and technology while developing the skills, strategies, and habits of mind required for scientific inquiry and technological problem-solving.
As part of life systems, students will explore how the choices they make about their bodies may have lifelong effects. This helps students understand that the body is made up of a number of organs and that these organs are parts of systems that can be affected by a variety of factors. Students will learn the location, structure, and function of each major organ in the respiratory, circulatory, and digestive systems. Students will also develop an understanding of the importance of proper nutrition and exercise to the healthy functioning of organ systems.
For structures and mechanisms, students will identify and describe forces acting on and within structures. As they measure and compare external forces (natural or human) acting on structures and their effects on different materials, they will develop their understanding of force and the ways in which structures respond to forces. Students will begin to apply their learning by designing and building structures and mechanisms.
Students will also study the environmental impact of the production, use, and disposal of different materials. Students will also learn about commonly found states of matter (solids, liquids, and gases) and the characteristics of each. They will also explore changes of state and investigate the difference between physical changes and chemical changes. The use of heat to affect changes in matter will be relevant to the final unit on Earth and space.
Finally, students will explore Earth and space by learning about the conservation of energy and the use of renewable or alternative sources of energy. They will discover how energy consumption and production are important factors in maintaining our present standard of living and ensuring adequate energy supplies for future generations. Students will also learn to recognize the immediate and long-term impacts and costs associated with every choice.